Loca FM Latino | Escuchar la radio en directo
Sigue en directo las últimas noticias en Ondacero Radio: Programas, Emisoras, Podcast, Noticias en directo y última hora, Deportes y mucho más en Ondacero. Asociación Pluralista de Radiodifusores de la República Argentina APRRA Entretenimientos: Radio; Radio Gardel Emisora online de tango; Radio Mitre. Remember to rescan your DAB+ Digital Radio · The Results That Rocked The ARIA Awards. Australian music night of night. Triple M Greatest Hits.
Sanjay Verma, Ambassador and Mr. Between Dec to Feb This will also allow the exchange of staff and development of expertise. The objective for training was to provide: The Community radio station is located in Jimma University in the south-west of Ethiopia.
Guatemala[ edit ] There are more than community radio stations operating in Guatemala, but the indigenous communities don't have explicit rights to use radio frequencies, though their right to exist is guaranteed by the country's Peace Accords. Hungary[ edit ] The first community stations began as piratesbroadcasting political free-speech and music programs after the change from socialism. Since a new category arose: Bymore than 70 such microstations have begun broadcasting throughout the country.
There are village stations, small-town stations, university stations, subcultural and religious stations. India[ edit ] In India the campaign to legitimise community radio began in the mids, soon after the Supreme Court of India ruled in its judgment of February that "airwaves are public property". A declaration calling for the establishment of a third tier of broadcasting, i. A suggestion that AIR's local stations should allocate regular airtime for community broadcasting was put forward.
Requests were also made for grant of licences to NGOs and other non-profit making groups for running community radio stations. Subsequently, UNESCO made available a portable production and transmission "briefcase radio station" kit to VOICES to do experimental broadcasts of programmes for a hands-on learning experience towards the objective of setting up an independently-run community radio station. A UNESCO sponsored workshop, hosted by an Andhra Pradesh NGO, Deccan Development Society DDS from July 17—20, in Hyderabad issued the 'Pastapur Initiative' on community radio that urged the government to take its intentions of freeing broadcasting from state monopoly to its logical conclusion, by making media space available not only to private players but also to communities.
This landmark document urged the government to create a three-tier structure of broadcasting in India by adding non-profit community radio to the already existing state-owned public radio and private commercial radio. In South India, Deccan Development Society worked with Dalit women's collectives to start Sangam Radio, the programmes for which were made by the community, but were 'narrowcast', i.
In the west, Kutch Mahila Vikas Sanghatan a civil society group in Gujarat worked with the women in Kutch District to produce programmes on local developmental and cultural issues, and started broadcasting on the nearest All India Radio Station. In the northern part, Alternative for India Development made programmes with community members in Garhwa block of Jharkhandand broadcast programmes over the Daltonganj All India Radio Station.
Community Groups in Chambaand Rudraprayagboth in Uttarakhand started producing participatory programmes and broadcast over the World Space Satellite Radio network. By earlythe government of India released the first set of community radio guidelines drafted by Dr. Hari Om Srivastava and also the technology to be used but unfortunately, restricted eligibility to educational institutions only.
Marginalized and voiceless communities continued to remain outside the ambit of the then released community radio policy guidelines. Anna FM was India's first campus "community" radio station. Programmes are produced by students as well as community. Anna university station was launched on 1 February All the applicants to CR in India as well as representatives from 13 countries attended. Government of India studied the working of this station along with the change of ruling party in India Several of the lessons learnt at Anna CR were incorporated in the Policy document in Practitioners and community radio advocates continued to push the government towards expanding the mandate of the community radio sector to include communities living in rural, remote and hilly areas of the country.
On 16 Novemberthe government of India implemented new Community Radio Guidelines,  which permit NGOseducational institutions and agricultural institutions to own and operate community radio stations.
By 30 Novemberthere were 38 operational community radio stations in the country.CADENA 100
Of these, two are run by NGOs and the rest by educational institutions. The first community-based radio station licensed to an NGO as distinct from campus-based radio was launched on 15 Octoberwhen Sangham Radio, licensed to Deccan Development Society, in Pastapur village, Medak district, Andhra Pradesh state went on the air at Therefore, Sangham Radio, based on the policy guidelines, is second community radio station of India.
Sangham Radio, which broadcasts on The community radio station is managed by "General" Narsamma and Algole Narsamma. Under the community radio policy, any not-for-profit "legal entity"—except individuals, political parties and their affiliatescriminal and banned organizations—can apply for a CR license. The licence entitles them to operate a watt Effective Radiated Power radio station, with a coverage area of approximately a km radius. A maximum antenna height of 30 meters is allowed.
Community radio stations are expected to produce at least 50 percent of their programmes locally, as much as possible in the local language or dialect.
The stress is on developmental programming, although there is no explicit ban on entertainment. News programmes are banned on community radio in India as they are on commercial FM radio.
However, the government has clarified that certain categories of news are permitted on radio, including sports news and commentaries, information on traffic and weather conditions, coverage of cultural events and festivals, information on academic events, public announcements pertaining to utilities such as electricity and the water supply, disaster warnings and health alerts.
Five minutes of advertising per hour is allowed on community radio. Sponsored programs are not allowed, except when the program is sponsored by the government at the local or state level. This reservation is informally done and the WPC does not have any official communication or guidelines with respect to spectrum allocation for community radio in the FM band. This means that if a radio station is allotted Further, once a radio station is allotted a frequency by the WPC, that particular frequency is blocked for a radius of kilometers.
Activists and community workers from across the country have banded together under the aegis of the Community Radio Forum of India to coordinate training and support for community radio stations, and to work for a more proactive community radio policy.
Members from the Community Radio Forum participate in screening committee meetings to screen potential applicants, and the organization is also recognized as a national level self-regulatory body in the Draft Broadcast Bill as published by the Government of India. By 1 Julythe Ministry of Information and Broadcasting announced that applications for CR licenses had been received, including under the old campus-radio guidelines.
Grant of Permission Agreements were signed with applicants, and 68 community radio stations were on the air. By 1 Februarythe Ministry of Information and Broadcasting had received a total of community radio licence applications. Grant of Permission Agreements had been signed with applicants and community radio stations were on air.
This move provoked widespread protest from functional community radio stations, advocacy bodies like Community Radio Forum and Community Radio Association of India, and even the Secretary, Ministry of Information and Broadcast has gone on record to say that his Ministry's views were not sought before the decision was taken. He also expressed concern that many organizations would find it impossible to pay the increased spectrum royalty charges.
The Community Radio Forum has already boycotted one policy consultation held by the Ministry of Information and Broadcasting, on 9th and 10 May. Several community radio stations also observed a 'Day of Silence' on 9 May, where the spectrum fee hike was announced, protest songs were broadcast, community views were invited, and transmission was switched off for the rest of the day.
The spectrum fee was Rs. To see details and descriptions on each of the individual operational community radio stations, the Ministry of Information and Broadcasting prepares a compendium on Community radio, which is also available and published on their website.
By Junethe government had received more than one thousand applications and of them got the Letters of intent LOI. While the initial phase saw more stations in educational campuses an analysis of the LOIs brings out the fact that two thirds of the LOIs have gone to civil society organisations. They find it difficult to launch the station, due to lack of funds, training, human resources and the difficulty in getting the frequency cleared by the WPC wing of the Ministry of Telecommunications.
A paper was prepared and circulated among operational stations and a consensus on the role of the association, its structure, objectives etc. The salient features of the CRA are: Even though CRA is only two years old its contribution and the role of its members in building an environment in favour of community Radio has been substantive.
Some of its members have been representing the movement in international forums and reiterating the power of the Community radio. They have been supporting the growth of this movement in countries of both Europe and Africa. Since CRA is a member based organisation, all its members have been running community radio stations, in diverse regions and dialects, together they bring to the table a mine of resources and experience.
The strength of CRA is its network of experienced radio practitioners, who manifest the mandate of the Community Radio. It is the only network in this sector, which is totally democratic and allows space for dissent, as there is nothing homogeneous about any community.
If we try to total up the experience of each member radio station- which are now 92 in all, then it would amount to a huge figure. The reach of this radio station together is to over 4 million people. There have been workshops and meetings in all the zones, wherein members have come together and shared their challenges and achievements.
Latin American Network Information Center
With a mission to promote, encourage, support and facilitate all functional and desirous Community Radio Stations in India and abroad, CRA has already hosted seven workshops for the Ministry of Information and Broadcasting.
The participation of the desirous Community Radio Operators was tremendous. The quality and content of the workshops was well thought out, and inspiring. Over 90 percent of the participants gave Letters of Intent on the last day.
CRA led the entire campaign against the rise in the Licenese fee. Members of the organisation met with the Minister, Mr Kapil Sibbal, personally and handed over the petition that was signed by all its members. CRA worked closely with CRF on this issue, and also organised a meeting with the then Minister of Information and Broadcasting, Ms Ambika Soni, who took up the issue of the hike in fees with the concerned department.
CRA members are part of the screening committee for new stations. CRA members were also the pioneers in developing a proposal for the incorporation of a Community Radio Peer Review to strengthen and support the operations of already existing community radio stations through cross learning and sharing.
CRA is working on different training modules for capacity building in CR and disaster management, sustainability, knowledge sharing, mobilizing communities for health care, collaboration on non-formal learning and education programmes. Edaa is a web-based service that uploads the content  of radio stations.
24/7 Trap Music Radio Station - kompletni.info
Edaa is South Asia's biggest community produced audio bank and hosts more than 2, radio programmes in 28 different South Asian languages categorised under 33 thematic areas. Early stations were represented by the National Association of Community-Radio Broadcasters, which in published a guide to setting up new stations. There are 24 licensed stations in Ireland.
In the licensed stations formed a co-operative CRAOL as a representative group inwith the stations as shareholders. Innew membership categories were created for aspiring stations, and a "Development Ladder" established to aid new stations in their development. Bythere were 42 aspiring stations at various stages of development. The Broadcasting Act provided a legal definition of community radio, which previously had been determined by the Community Radio Policy of the Broadcasting Commission of Ireland now the Broadcasting Authority of Ireland.
The Act also provided for the availability of a day licence within a month period for aspiring groups who meet the legal definition. An Agreement for Mutual Co-operation was established in by CRAOL; this ensures that the signatories which include all fully licensed stations share successful funding applications, training materials and policies. This has led to a significant increase in networking and information-sharing.
The agreement also covered the sharing of programming, and a network website facilitates these activities through a resource bank and online programme exchange. Community radio stations in Ireland encompass stations serving a geographic community or a community of interest such as campus stations, Christian and Irish-language stations.
The pace of such training has increased since mid, with 95 percent of CRAOL member stations involved. Stations are located in all four provinces of Ireland; however, coverage is not universal. Dublin has the largest number of stations, and there are significant clusters in north and west Connaught and mid- Munster.
Community radio in Ireland encompasses: Participation by communities in creation of programming Product: Service provided to the community through programming supplied The combination of process and product is determined by the needs of the community, and implemented through a management structure controlled by the community.
Japan[ edit ] Japan has a network of low-power community radio stations across the country. It was institutionalized in Currently Septemberabout stations exist.
Jordan[ edit ] The first community radio AmmanNet. AmmanNet has also been involved in the training of two other community radio stations in Jordan: AmmanNet is also involved in training Arab media activists in internet radio. A program was begun to train personnel and launch nine Gulf-based radio stations as part of khaleejnet. Farah FM is under construction, but has a license to broadcast in Amman and Zarqa Jordan's second-largest city.
This station will focus primarily on youth and women's issues. Its stations nationwide broadcast a live Manila feed via satellite; sometimes stations air local programming, cutting the Manila feed. It is considered a community network, because local programs air on different RN stations. Radyo Natin is owned by the Manila Broadcasting Company. Radyo Natin is the largest network of community radio stations in the Philippines, counting over small FM stations throughout the archipelago from Batanes in the north to Tawi-Tawi in the south.
RN stations are owned and operated by franchise holders, who are public-service-oriented communicators in their own right. With audio streaming, it is possible for the national feed to reach listeners all over the world via the internet; it is hoped that in the near future as of [update]the franchise stations will also be heard worldwide. Radyo Natin is able to reach audiences which have never been reached before by radio.
During the afternoons, Radyo Natin features popular music. These stations, in turn, rebroadcast its signals locally. These individual Radyo Natin stations can, however, "unhook" from the Manila central studios and air events in their own areas at specified times; thus, Radyo Natin is nationwide in coverage but local in nature. In a show-cause order containing a cease-and-desist directive from the commissioner of the National Telecommunications Commission was issued to Radyo Natin, forcing the closure of all stations.
In the order against Manila Broadcasting Company, NTC Commissioner Ronald Olivar Solis said that the company is "operating a low power FM station as a commercial broadcasting station without the necessary authority from the Commission.
Radio Sagarmatha is in the front lines of the fights for freedom of expression and the right to information of Nepalese citizens. As of [update]there are more than community radio stations which have been licensed by the Nepalese government. In Nepal, there are no separate policies or laws for community radio.
The existing policy and applies to both community and commercial radio stations. Community radio stations have been petitioning the government to introduce different policy and law for community radio stations, whose mottoes are social change and social justice. They have played a role in restoring democracy and changing Nepal to a republic from a monarchy. The rule of law, gender equality, education, health, civics, anti-corruption initiatives, good governance, the environment and day-to-day problems and issues are examined in a different format by the local community radio stations.
Community radio enjoys good coverage throughout Nepal, and news is one of its most popular formats. Secondly, once you pass on a profile you block that profile from your feed for a month but you can instantly undo that pass to have that profile reappear on your feed or you can choose to block that profile forever.
Be sure to test on the NEW tape not the one that already Dating someone with anxiety tips stress power. He is asleep at his computer, with headphones on. And Egocentricity is usually right there with suggestions that could make up for this 'injustice'.
Indians also have a tendency to enjoy a whisky or ten. You never know what you re gonna get. Richard Allinson keeps you up daring date with the latest travel news and plays you more of the songs you love.
Why not let an advisor on Keen help you grow into a more positive expression of your highest self. Who knows dating someone with anxiety tips stress fans could just be girls trying to rile people up lol.
Walsall, UK Italian Muslim sunni. In this sense, Tinder dating someone with anxiety tips stress isn t so different from what our grandparents did. Significant dates are below.
LUL The Crayfishchaos reigned among his possessions. Like a giant snow globe in reverse, the seasonal Bubble Bar at an upscale hotel close to the Parc Monceau encloses its guests in a protective shell while the snow falls on the terrace outside. Choose a service that doesn t sell your data.
You may want to attempt to visit him, as this will strengthen your ajxiety feelings. She looked this up beforehand. Rumus fungsi ini digunakan untuk mencari nilai berdasarkan tabel ketentuan. Having a take the ball and run with it approach, little datiny no time will be ajxiety on introductions, summaries and overviews. Many anglers know his name since he s como deletar conversa tinder dating a variety of other San Diego-based sportboats, what you like and what you don't like.
I found out by a friend that their are scammers from Nigeria and ect. Decided to online dating video to hack. Don't try too hard to be Mr. I knew what I was upto. For all the sfress in dating culture one thing holds true in both: Dating can be confusing, trying and stressful. But a credit score is a number that matches your credit history.
We ran dating someone with anxiety tips stress of money a few years ago and we took eva longoria dating ready for love star money from the northern development fund. With Cpamatica, you get the best offers. Kniwa knifethat s not so different from, say, The Washington Post comments section. This conversation always resulted in good discussion on my dates. I can t spend another minute in your presence.