Students will become familiar with Federalists and Anti-Federalists Part 2: Learning Activity Using the text and a handout: A. Students will read the Date. While some publication dates are not fully available to the day the months Federalist Diffen â€º Politics â€º U.S. Politics In U.S. history, anti-federalists were those represented by how one answers this question: â€œIs the federal ( national). Name: Christina Hyatt Date: 5/7/17 Graded Assignment To Ratify or Not to Ratify Total score: _ of 25 Federalist arguments Anti-Federalists arguments In favor of the Constitution. Join our community of 10 million+ students and educators.
Debates in Massachusetts were very heated, with impassioned speeches from those on both sides of the issue.
Anti-Federalists: Definition, Views & Leaders
Massachusetts was finally won,but only after assurances to opponents that the Constitution could have a bill of rights added to it. After Massachusetts, the remaining states required for ratification did so within a few months, with Maryland and South Carolina falling in line, and New Hampshire casting the deciding vote to reach the required nine states. New York and Virginia still remained, however, and many doubted that the new Constitution could survive without these states.
New York and Virginia Early in the ratification process, the proponents of the Constitution took the name "Federalists. They did not feel that a republican form of government could work on a national scale. They also did not feel that the rights of the individual were properly or sufficiently protected by the new Constitution.
They saw themselves as the true heirs of the spirit of the Revolution. There were some true philosophical differences between the two camps. In many instances, though, there was also a lot of personal animosity. In addition, many letters were written to newspapers under various pseudonyms, like "The Federal Farmer," "Cato," "Brutus," and "Cincinnatus. John Jay, Alexander Hamilton, and James Madison coordinated their efforts and wrote a series of 85 letters under the name "Publius.
Perhaps of far greater importance were the Federalist stances of George Washington and Ben Franklin, very prominent men both in their day and today. Their opinions carried great weight. The votes in Virginia and New York were hard-won, and close. Virginia votedand New Yorka month later, voted to ratify. With all the major states now having ratified, confidence was high that the United States under the Constitution would be a success, or, at least, have a fighting chance.
The new Congress met, and George Washington became the first President. As suggested by many of the ratifying conventions, one of the first tasks tackled was the writing of a Bill of Rights to be attached to the Constitution. The Bill, Amendmentseased the minds of many hold-outs.
Shortly thereafter, North Carolina ratifiedand lone hold-out, Rhode Islandfinally relented and ratified on a close vote.
To Ratify or Not To Ratify: Federalists v Anti
Aftermath The Federalists were successful in their effort to get the Constitution ratified by all 13 states. The Federalists later established a party known as the Federalist Party. The party backed the views of Hamilton and was a strong force in the early United States. The party, however, was short-lived, dead by The Anti-Federalists generally gravitated toward the views of Thomas Jefferson, coalescing into the Republican Party, later known as the Democratic Republicans, the precursor to today's Democratic Party.
The Arguments One of the most succinct enumeration of the arguments of the Anti-Federalists against the Constitution is found in a letter commonly known as Anti-Federalist number The author anonymously signed the letter "Deliberator.
Most of the points made by Deliberator have actually proven true over time. For example, Freeman argued that the federal government could not train the militia — our modern National Guard, the descendant of their militia, is trained by the federal government. Freeman also noted that the federal government would not be permitted to inspect "the produce of the country", but our modern system of inspection of everything from food to drugs to cars has shown Freeman to be wrong and Deliberator to be right.
The bulk of Deliberator's letter is not a refutation of Freeman's letter, though, but a list of the features of the Constitution that Deliberator, and many other Anti-Federalists, objected to. These, along with commentary, are shown below.
Today's modern military would probably alarm even the most strident Federalist, but our military evolved with time and most Americans cannot imagine the world without a strong national military.
The Anti-Federalist concern about billeting, however, is addressed in the 3rd Amendment. History has shown some of this concern to be true — for example, when the governor of Arkansas refused to implement a Supreme Court decision regarding school desegregation, President Dwight Eisenhower sent in federal troops and federalized the Arkansas National Guard to enforce the ruling. The soldiers, however, were not unpaid, though they were subject to military discipline.
This is true — but the Congress has never imposed a direct capitation tax, and with the ratification of the 16th Amendmentthere seems to be little need to be concerned with this point. What is the author referring to in this quote? Do you agree or disagree with this quote? Learning Activity Using Media: After viewing the DVD, students will discuss the ratification debate in small groups and come up with a consensus as to the main arguments given by both sides. Students will then report their findings to the whole class as a brief news report.
Quiz & Worksheet - Anti-Federalists | kompletni.info
What is the author trying to say about the Bill of Rights? Learning Activity Primary source documents linked below which support Federalist and Anti-Federalist sentiment during the ratification debates: Objections to the Constitution 2. Students will discuss the impact of a Bill of Rights as it pertains to the primary source documents.
After studying both sides of the debates for and against ratification, how do you feel? If the Constitution were presented today for ratification, would it be ratified? Why or why not? What issues are still relevant today as in? What issues are different?
To Ratify or Not To Ratify: Federalists v Anti
What is the strongest reason John Jay gave for signing the Constitution? Which delegate do you agree with? Day 2 Handout and Class Activity Name: Explain what you think were the best reasons for ratification.
Then, explain what you think were the best reasons against ratification. Would you have voted to ratify the Constitution as written in without a Bill of Rights? Retrieved September,from http: Center for Civic Education. New York, New York: In Federalist and Anti-Federalist Papers.