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Results 49 - 96 of Shop from the world's largest selection and best deals for Date Range Porcelain & China Ornament. Shop with confidence on. Bone china is porcelain whose high translucency comes from the inclusion in Much bone china is unmarked, making it difficult to date with accuracy. Applied decoration on bone china took a number of forms: overglaze. Buy Hallmark Keepsake Christmas Ornament Year Dated , Baby's First Hallmark Keepsake Baby's First Christmas Dated Porcelain Christmas .. does not denote cheapness because China was the birthplace of porcelain- making.
This new variant became the standard for English bone china from that point on. Both economical and practical, bone china had become the standard porcelain body produced in England within ten years of its introduction. Heavy import duties that raised the price of Chinese porcelain, as well as the patronage of the Prince of Wales, helped increase public demand for bone china, which found a ready market with the growing merchant and professional classes.
Much bone china is unmarked, making it difficult to date with accuracy. This non-frit formula resulted in a body that was intermediate between the hard paste of Chinese origin and the soft paste porcelains being made in England. The calcined cow bone was responsible for the highly translucent nature of the ivory white body.
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A direct source of light will pass easily through even the thickest fragment of bone china. Bone china is stronger than hard paste porcelain and does not chip as easily as either soft paste or hard paste porcelain.
The paste may appear dense and finely-grained, and broken sherd surfaces and cracks are more likely than hard paste porcelain to exhibit brown staining. Early bone china, particularly from minor manufacturers, may have small black flecks apparent in the paste Hughes Glaze The transparent glaze used for bone china consisted of silica, lead oxide and potash.
This glaze, which has a tendency toward crazing, is free from the hard, glass-like quality of Chinese porcelain. Decoration Applied decoration on bone china took a number of forms: Quality, form and decoration varied from factory to factory. After aroundsome manufacturers used large expanses of brilliant ground colors, over and around which they added detailed paintings of fruit, flowers and landscapes and lavish gilding.
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Others factories produced simply ornamented pieces. Bone china is also characterized by molded rims and handles.
Eventually, porcelain and the expertise required to create it began to spread into other areas of East Asia. During the Song dynasty — ADartistry and production had reached new heights. The manufacture of porcelain became highly organised, and the kiln sites excavated from this period could fire as many as 25, wares.
Some of the most well-known Chinese porcelain art styles arrived in Europe during this era, such as the coveted " blue-and-white " wares. InPortuguese merchants began direct trade by sea with the Ming dynasty, and inDutch merchants followed. The most valued types can be identified by their association with the court, either as tribute offerings, or as products of kilns under imperial supervision.
During the Ming dynasty, Jingdezhen porcelain become a source of imperial pride. The Yongle emperor erected a white porcelain brick-faced pagoda at Nanjing, and an exceptionally smoothly glazed type of white porcelain is peculiar to his reign. Jingdezhen porcelain's fame came to a peak during the Qing dynasty. Japanese porcelain[ edit ] Hirado ware okimono figurine of a lion with a ball, Japan, 19th century Nabeshima ware dish with hydrangeasc.
They brought an improved type of kiln, and one of them spotted a source of porcelain clay near Aritaand before long several kilns had started in the region. At first their wares were similar to the cheaper and cruder Chinese porcelains with underglaze blue decoration that were already widely sold in Japan; this style was to continue for cheaper everyday wares until the 20th century.
Chinese exports had been seriously disrupted by civil wars as the Ming dynasty fell apart, and the Japanese exports increased rapidly to fill the gap. At first the wares used European shapes and mostly Chinese decoration, as the Chinese had done, but gradually original Japanese styles developed. Nabeshima ware was produced in kilns owned by the families of feudal lords, and were decorated in the Japanese tradition, much of it related to textile design.
This was not initially exported, but used for gifts to other aristocratic families.